Expertise of Engineering lecturer drawn upon to re-imagine classic paintings for climate change exhibition
"Helping to develop artwork like this was about sending a message to both policymakers and the public regarding the vital contribution the UK’s agricultural engineering sector can make to our Net Zero goals during COP26. I also hope it will capture the imaginations of prospective students and inspire our current Agricultural Engineering students here at Harper Adams University.”
The expertise of a Harper Adams University lecturer has been drawn upon to help re-imagine classic paintings for a new exhibition examining how engineering can help tackle climate change.
The This is Engineering - Engineer the Future exhibition, by the Royal Academy of Engineering, looks at some classic works by painters such as Constable, Monet, Pissarro, and Van Gogh – who all made their mark during the first industrial revolution – and re-imagines them for the 21st century.
With the eyes of the world on Glasgow as delegates gather for the COP26 Summit, the exhibition, which is being run both online and physically as an exhibition in the city, aims to examine how engineering advances can help to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050.
Engineer the Future sees Van Gogh’s Factories at Clichy, Constable’s The Wheat Field, Pissarro’s La Rue Saint- Honoré and Monet’s The Seashore at Sainte-Adresse digitally remastered by contemporary artist, Ashly Lovett, to show how engineering innovations could help to transform everyday life and landscapes in the future.
Kit Franklin, Senior Lecturer in Agricultural Engineering at Harper Adams University and Principal Investigator on the Hands Free Farm project, said: “It is always an honour to work with the Royal Academy of Engineering on a project and I was delighted to be asked to assist with this thought-provoking campaign.
“Helping to develop artwork like this was about sending a message to both policymakers and the public regarding the vital contribution the UK’s agricultural engineering sector can make to our Net Zero goals during COP26. I also hope it will capture the imaginations of prospective students and inspire our current Agricultural Engineering students here at Harper Adams University.”
Constable’s The Wheat Field, one of a number of the paintings reimagined for 2050 with Kit’s assistance and advice, includes solar powered pruning robots, autonomous grass cutting machines and crop-monitoring drones - click here for more.
Meanwhile, environmentally friendly hydrogen planes can be seen in the sky, with futuristic shapes that maximise fuel-efficiency and range of travel.
Kit says: “The artistic reinterpretation of Constable has removed the hard physical labour and repetitive tasks of agricultural farmhands as autonomous robots take on the work humans would have traditionally done.
“Agbots make farming more precise to conserve vital resources like water and energy and we’ll see smaller machines in future to help preserve soil quality and health. A healthy soil is not only vital for growing food, it can also sequester carbon more effectively than one that has been compacted by large machinery.
“If Constable were to walk in the British countryside in 2050, he’d see smaller fields with strips of different coloured crops, and less productive fields rewilded with trees, wildflowers and shrubs to boost biodiversity and pollination.”
As well as seeking to raise awareness of the ways in which engineering can help meet Net Zero targets, the This is Engineering campaign also seeks to promote engineering careers to tackle a significant skills and diversity shortfall in the profession.
Dr Rhys Morgan, Director of Engineering and Education at the Royal Academy of Engineering, added: “The UK’s goal of reaching net zero carbon emissions by 2050 is a massive undertaking. Decarbonisation on this timescale and magnitude will bring widespread and rapid change to every aspect of daily life and meeting our goal of a net zero future will not be achieved without engineering expertise.
“From the ways we heat, cool and light our homes, to how we produce our food, how we build our houses and how we travel around, our future daily lives will be shaped by today’s engineers and engineering.
“These famous masterpieces originally captured a snapshot of daily life at a time when the consequences of carbon emissions were not known. By reimagining them for 2050 we hope to start a conversation about how engineers can help shape our net zero future and inspire the next generation to join the profession. To realise the emission-saving technologies imagined in these artworks, the UK needs more engineers – for example, National Grid estimates that the UK energy sector alone will need to fill 400,000 roles between now and 2050 to reach net zero.”
In a bid to boost recruitment and challenge the narrow stereotypes of what engineers look like and do, This is Engineering Day – being held this year on Wednesday, November 3 - is an annual reminder of the importance of engineering to our daily lives.
Created by the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2018, the day celebrates the varied and vital roles that engineers play, from developing medical technologies like brain scanners and clean energy solutions, to powering the social media platforms and smartphones we rely on to keep in touch every day.
BBC Countryfile Harvest special looks at the future of harvesting - with Harper Adams’ Hands Free Farm team
A BBC Countryfile Harvest special looking at the future of the British harvest has screened – with Harper Adams University’s Hands Free Farm among the key projects covered.
The Hands Free Farm team welcomed Countryfile to film the piece this August, as they worked to complete the first full harvest on the farm, on the University estate in Shropshire.
The 35-hectare Hands Free Farm is the successor of the multi-award winning Hands Free Hectare, which started in 2016 with the aim to be the first in the world to grow, tend and harvest a crop without operators in the driving seats or agronomists on the ground. The three-year-long project is run in partnership between Harper Adams and Precision Decisions, along with the UK division of Australian precision agriculture specialist, Farmscan AG.
The programme followed three team members – Principal Investigator and Harper Adams Senior Lecturer Kit Franklin, mechatronics and UAS researcher for Harper Adams, Jonathan Gill, and Martin Abell, Operations Manager at Precision Decisions and Hands Free Farm Project Manager – to examine both the history of the project, and how they fared tackling this year’s harvest.
Viewers were told how the trio – and the wider HFHa team – were the first in the world to plant, grow and harvest a crop using only drones and autonomous vehicles on the Hectare in 2016.
Kit explained: “I came to Harper Adams, where I studied Agricultural Engineering, because I wanted to design and develop the next generation of machines. But whilst I was here, I gained some new perspectives on farming, and I started to feel that farm machinery had got too large. So my aim through the work we do here is to reduce the scale of farm machinery.”
Countryfile Presenter Steve Brown was shown meeting the team as they made their final preparations, to learn more about both the machinery they were using and their plans for that day’s harvest.
He explained : “The lads have programmed this dinky tractor and combine to work alongside each other in the field – and their lightweight size is kinder on the soil than some of those bigger boys.”
Jonathan explained: “By having smaller machines, physically compacting on the ground, it means there’s a lot less physical metal just driving around over the field. We’re hoping that the capabilities of having much smaller, multiple machines is a lot more efficient.”
Later in the programme, viewers were shown how the machines tackled their first full-scale wheat harvest on the Hands Free Farm – with Steve, farm contractor Fraser Moss and Harper Adams student - and harvest veteran - Eleanor Gilbert looking on.
Steve described the technology as ‘amazing’ and fantastic – but wondered how some might feel watching a harvest without any drivers.
The Hands Free Farm team have emphasised that their work is not about taking jobs away from the sector, but rather about changing the jobs that farmers do as they adapt to the future.
This was something Eleanor picked up on as she watched the machines do their work, and she told Steve: “I might keep my tractor I’ve got at the minute, just in case – but I think it’s more that we’ll have a change in our skill set. Rather than sat on a tractor all day, we might have to control tablets and swarms of little robots.”
Steve added: “Eleanor is spot on. That is the dream.
“Even though this little combine cuts a third less than a bigger machine, if you had a fleet of them working together, you’d finish this field in no time.”
At the end of the day, the team were pleased with their work – despite one technical hitch in communication between the combine and tractor, which they were able to fix for the rest of the harvest.
Jonathan told Steve: “To be able to do something, from a single hectare, now to a farm – and it’s come a long way – I’m really proud.
“My heart has swollen loads today by being able to showcase this.”
To see more about the Hands Free Farm, click here – and to watch the BBC Countryfile Harvest special again, click here.